Conservation and Environmentalism Movements in Michigan
Parklands and Nature Preserves
- Genevieve Gillette papers, 1914-1987.
- 10 linear ft. and 1 outsize folder.
Genevieve Gillette breaking ground for Gillette Nature
Center. Folder "Gillette Nature Center Dedication,
1976." Genevieve Gillette papers, Box 10.
Landscape architect Genevieve Gillette was one of the driving forces behind the creation of the Michigan Parks Association and subsequently, new parklands. Her advocacy was instrumental in establishing Isle Royale as a national park. Ann Arbor, Michigan, landscape architect, speaker and lobbyist on behalf of conservation and beautification, president of the Michigan Parks Association, and member of the Citizens' Advisory Committee on Recreation and Natural Beauty during the Johnson Administration.
Correspondence, reports, oral history interviews, and other materials concerning her interest in state and national conservation legislation; and photographs.
Isle Royale (Detroit News)
- Isle Royale papers,1885-1955.
- 2 linear ft.
Aerial view of a pair of lakes on north side of Isle Royale
near Twelve O'Clock Point, ca. 1930. Folder "Aerial
Photographs, 1930." Isle Royale papers, Box 2.
As early as the 1920s, the Detroit News spearheaded a campaign to transform Isle Royale into a national park. The materials contained in the Isle Royale papers were collected in order to build momentum for the "Isle Royale National Park movement."
The collection includes files of Detroit News conservation editor Albert Stoll and director of public relations Lee A. White, including correspondence, newspaper clippings, photographs, and miscellaneous papers relating to the Detroit News' campaign to make Isle Royale a national park and to secure land for it. Also included: manuscript and notes of an article by Martha M. Bigelow, 1955.
Little Traverse Conservancy
- Little Traverse Conservancy records, 1972-1999.
- 8 linear ft.
The mission of the Little Traverse Conservancy (LTC) is to promote conservation through land acquisition by donation or purchase, the establishment of nature preserves, and educational programs, rather than through lawsuits or political action. LTC was founded in 1972 in the Northern Michigan community of Harbor Springs after its predecessor group, the Little Traverse Group, was defeated in a series of lawsuits it had brought against some property developers. Early member Horace M. Huffman, Jr. and longtime executive director Tom Bailey have been among the Conservancy's most influential leaders. A major project was the $1.4 million purchase of the Colonial Point Forest, completed in 1987.
The collection consists of correspondence, memoranda, minutes, reports, notes, newspaper clippings, press releases, annual reports, and brochures created by the Conservancy and relating to its history and activities. Also included are biographical sketches of founding members based on oral history interviews. The collection contains the files of its board of trustees, executive director, and other influential members, as well as documentation of many of its land acquisitions projects, among them being the Thorne Swift Nature Preserve, the North Point Preserve, and the Colonial Point Forest. Also included are records related to other various activities of executive director Tom Bailey, such as his leadership of the Emmet County Park and Recreation Commission and the Emmet County Solid Waste Planning Advisory Committee, his appointment to the Michigan Natural Resources Commission, and his previous employment with the Hazardous Waste Division of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources.
Michigan Audubon Society
- Michigan Audubon Society records, 1913-1992.
- 4.75 linear ft.
The Michigan Audubon Society was established in 1904, and while the early efforts of the Society focused on preserving birds' habitat and welfare, the organization later expanded its advocacy efforts to include more comprehensive environmental conservation issues. This collection contains organizational records, which among other activities, document the acquisition and stewardship of nature centers and wildlife refuges in the state of Michigan.
Historical and background information; files of annual meetings of executive committee and board of directors; files relating society's activities, to its nature centers and bird sanctuaries, and to the operation and activities of local chapters within the state; also correspondence and scattered photographs.
Michigan Natural Areas Council
- Michigan Natural Areas Council records, 1938-2003.
- 8 linear ft.
Genevieve Gillette pictured giving over the South
Manitou Tract to the DNR. Folder "Photographs."
Michigan Natural Areas Council records, Box 4.
The Michigan Natural Areas Council (MNAC) records depict the mission and activities of an organization dedicated to preserving natural lands and establishing provisions for their continued protection. The Council recognized six types of protected areas, categorizing them according to the purpose for which they were used: Managed Tract, Natural Area Preserve, Natural Research Area, Nature Reservations, Nature Study Area, and Scenic Site.
The records have been arranged into three series: Administrative files, Natural Areas files, and Site files. Administrative files include background/historical materials, standing committee records, executive committee files, and files documenting the organization's relationship with other environmental groups. The Natural Areas files include topical files and project files documenting the organization's efforts on behalf of specific natural areas. The Site Files consist of correspondence, reconnaissance and site committee reports, and maps relating to areas of environmental concern.
Michigan Nature Association
- Michigan Nature Association records, 1945-2005.
- 7 linear ft.
Michigan Nature Association was first formed to protest the destruction of tern habitats in Macomb County, but developed into an organization that purchases land and transforms these parcels into nature preserves. Since its establishment, the Michigan Nature Association has taken a dual approach which incorporates both education and the creation and maintenance of natural areas.
A young girl takes a moment to appreciate bloodroot
blooms at a Michigan Nature Association Preserve, April
1969." Folder "Visual Materials--Photographs." Michigan
Nature Association records, Box 5.
Newsletters, flyers, mailings, and publications chiefly concerning the association's efforts to acquire new sanctuaries and promoting visits to existing sanctuaries; visual materials; and files relating to litigation against Detroit Edison opposing their planned placement of transmission lines through a nature sanctuary. Most of the files were maintained by Bertha Daubendiek, a founder and secretary-treasurer of the organization.
Developed by Rachael Dreyer, Graduate Reference Assistant, June 2009.