Bentley Historical Library

University of Michigan Football Rosters

1905 Football Team

Information About the Football Roster Website

This website attempts to compile as complete a roster as possible of all individuals who have been part of the varsity football program at the University of Michigan from the 1878/79 school year through the present. It includes varsity and reserve letterwinners as well as non-letterwinners and members of the freshman team.

The database contains over 11,000 player/year records, i.e., one record for each year an individual was a member of the team. Charles Brome, who played only on the 1905 freshman team, has one record. Horace Prettyman, who was a member of eight varsity teams from 1882-1890, has eight records.

The roster information is derived from a number of sources:

Notes on Database Fields

Names are entered in separate database fields for last name and first name-middle name/initial. The results are displayed in last name, first name order. Variant spellings of last names have been standardized. Shortened versions of first names and nicknames have been standardized based on the most commonly use form. (Jim to James for example). Middle initials are included when available or necessary to distinguish between individuals with the same first and last names. For some years, rosters gave only last names. In most cases it was possible to determine the first name from other sources. Last names followed by question marks indicate either that the name did not appear in any of the other sources or could not be definitively identified among several possibilities. Question marks following a first name indicate it is probably correct, but not certain.
Player's uniform number. Numbers were first used in the 1915 season. Numbers are sometimes not available for some non-letter winners and freshmen. Occasionally two players wore the same number.
Football season
Indicates the letter the individual was awarded. The field is blank for non-letterwinners. A variety of letters have been issued over the years:
  • af - All-Freshman numeral or letter (1898-1972)
  • ama - an intermediate between varsity and reserve (1915-1929)
  • amav -- AMA varsity (1929)
  • amab -- AMA B "B"; team AMA (1929)
  • b -- "B" team award (1930)
  • jv -- "Junior Varsity" (1937, 1972-1980)
  • pen -- Physical Education Numeral (1925, 1927-1929)
  • r -- Reserve (1895-1961)
  • sa -- Secondary award (1938-1945)
  • sn -- Sophomore numerals (1928)
  • sub -- Substitute
  • swa -- Sweater Award (1939-1940)
  • v -- Varsity M
  • vr -- Varsity reserve (1930-1937)
The player's position as listed in the Media Guides, game programs or other sources.
  • B = Back
  • C = Center
  • CB = Cornerback
  • DB = Defensive Back
  • DE = Defensive End
  • DT = Defensive Tackle
  • DHB = Defensive Halfback
  • DL = Defensive Lineman
  • E = End
  • FB = Fullback
  • FLK = Flanker
  • Fo = Forward (1879-1886)
  • FS = Free Safety
  • G = Guard
  • GK = Goalkeeper (1879-1889)
  • HB = Halfback
  • ILB = Inside Linebacker
  • K = Kicker
  • LB = Linebacker
  • LE = Left End
  • LG = Left Guard
  • LHB = Left Halfback
  • LM = Lineman (1924, 1970-1972 freshman)
  • LS = Left Safety
  • LT = Left Tackle
  • MG = Middle Guard
  • NT = Nose Tackle
  • OG = Offensive End
  • OG = Offensive Guard
  • OHB = Offensive Halfback
  • OL = Offensive Lineman
  • OLB = Outside Linebacker
  • OT = Offensive Tackle
  • P = Punter
  • PK = PlaceKicker
  • QB=Quarterback
  • RB = Running Back
  • RE=Right End
  • Res = Reserve
  • RG = Right Guard
  • RHB = Right Halfback
  • RLB = Rightside Linebacker
  • RU = Rusher (1879-1889
  • SE = Split End
  • SS = Strong Safety
  • Sub = Substitute (1881-1897)
  • T = Tackle
  • TB = Tailback
  • TE = Tight End
  • WB = Wingback
  • Wo = Wolfback
  • WR = Wide Receiver
The class field usually gives the player's current class status as Freshman (Fr.), Sophomore (So.), Junior (Jr.) or Senior (Sr., Sr. + for 5th year seniors). For some years the class field lists the player's (projected) graduating class year. For the 1943-1944 seasons, the class field lists the players military status: C=Civilian, M=Marine, N=Navy, R=Reserves.
Hometown, State
Player's hometown as listed in Media Guides or Game Programs or in other sources. US states use standard postal abbreviations. Canadian provinces are abbreviated as: ONT = Ontario, QUE = Quebec.  Occasionally Media Guides and Game Programs listed different hometowns for a player in different years.  The student directories and other sources were used to determine the correct hometown, though in a few cases players (or their families) did change "hometowns" during their college careers.
High School
Player's high school is listed when the information was present in media guides, game programs or other sources. For most smaller towns, the presumption is that the name of the high school is the hometown name. Many records, particularly for earlier years, do not include high school information.


Some Known Deficiencies

While every effort has been made to make the database as complete as possible, the rosters are known to be incomplete in several respects. For most of the years between 1879 and 1900 the main source of information is the Official List of Letterwinners which typically lists only an eleven-man lineup and several substitutes. The squads were quite fluid and the "varsity" usually consisted of the starting eleven in the "big game" of the season against Cornell or Chicago. Research is continuing in student newspapers and other sources to identify other team members.

The "All-Freshman" letter was first awarded in 1898. The letter award was changed to the "Freshman Numeral" in 1927 and continued through the 1972 season when freshmen were made eligible for varsity competition. Rosters of freshman letterwinners are not available for 1900 and 1906-1908. The freshman letterwinner rosters do not, in most cases, include all individuals who were members of the freshman team.

Walk-ons and other non-roster players who were with the team for all or parts of seasons, but did not make it into a game program, media guide roster or a team photo are likely not included.

Efforts to fill the deficiencies and update the database continue as time permits. If you find an error in an entry or know of a player who is not included in the database, please contact me with the information and any supporting evidence at